1: Nature 1997 Sep 11;389(6647):187-90

Arrest of the cell cycle by the tumour-suppressor BRCA1 requires the
CDK-inhibitor p21WAF1/CiP1.

Somasundaram K, Zhang H, Zeng YX, Houvras Y, Peng Y, Zhang H, Wu GS, Licht JD,
Weber BL, El-Deiry WS

Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Cell Cycle Regulation, Howard Hughes
Medical Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of
Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA.

Much of the predisposition to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer has been
attributed to inherited defects in the BRCA1 tumour-suppressor gene. The nuclear
protein BRCA1 has the properties of a transcription factor, and can interact
with the recombination and repair protein RAD51. Young women with germline
alterations in BRCA1 develop breast cancer at rates 100-fold higher than the
general population, and BRCA1-null mice die before day 8 of development.
However, the mechanisms of BRCA1-mediated growth regulation and tumour
suppression remain unknown. Here we show that BRCA1 transactivates expression of
the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1/CIP1 in a p53-independent manner,
and that BRCA1 inhibits cell-cycle progression into the S-phase following its
transfection into human cancer cells. BRCA1 does not inhibit S-phase progression
in p21-/- cells, unlike p21+/+ cells, and tumour-associated,
transactivation-deficient mutants of BRCA1 are defective in both transactivation
of p21 and cell-cycle inhibition. These data suggest that one mechanism by which
BRCA1 contributes to cell-cycle arrest and growth suppression is through the
induction of p21.

MeSH Terms:
BRCA1 Protein/physiology*
BRCA1 Protein/genetics
Cell Cycle/physiology*
Cell Cycle/genetics
Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/metabolism
COS Cells
Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology
Gene Expression Regulation
Genes, Suppressor, Tumor
Hela Cells
Luminescent Proteins
Promoter Regions (Genetics)
Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Trans-Activation (Genetics)
Tumor Cells, Cultured

green fluorescent protein
Luminescent Proteins
Enzyme Inhibitors
Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
Cip1 protein
BRCA1 Protein

PMID: 9296497, UI: 97441059