Author PAGES, GILLES; MILANINI, JULIE; RICHARD, DARREN E.; BERRA, EDURNE; GOTHIE, EMMANUEL; VINALS, FRANCESC; POUYSSEGUR, JACQUES
a Institution Centre de Biochimie, CNRS-UMR 6543, Universite de Nice, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice, France
Title Signaling Angiogenesis via p42/p44 MAP Kinase Cascade.
[Report] Source Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. ATHEROSCLEROSIS V THE FIFTH SARATOGA INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE. 902:187-200, May 2000. Local Message *PART AT: UAMS (CHECK ONLINE CATALOG)*
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent agonist secreted by virtually all cells, controls migration and division of vascular endothelial cells.
Disruption of one VEGF allele in mice has revealed a dramatic lethal effect in early embryogenesis, suggesting a key role in vasculogenesis.
We analyzed the regulation of VEGF mRNA in normal and transformed CCL39 fibroblasts and then dissected the VEGF promoter to identify the signaling pathway(s) controlling the activation of this promoter in response to growth factors, oncogenes, and hypoxic stress.
We demonstrated that the p42/p44 MAP kinase signaling cascade controls VEGF expression at least at two levels.
In normoxic conditions, MAPKs activate the VEGF promoter at the proximal (-88/-66) region where Sp-1/AP-2 factors bind.
Activation of p42/p44 MAPKs is sufficient to turn on VEGF mRNA.
At low O2 tension, hypoxia inducible factor-1[alpha] (HIF-1[alpha]), a limiting factor rapidly stabilized and phosphorylated, plays a key role in the expression of several genes including VEGF.
We demonstrated that p42/p44MAPKs stoichiometrically phosphorylate HIF-1[alpha] in vitro and that HIF-1-dependent VEGF gene expression is strongly enhanced by the exclusive activation of p42/p44MAPKs.
Finally, we demonstrated that the regulation of p42/p44MAPK activity is critical for controlling proliferation and growth arrest of vascular endothelial cells at confluency.
These results point to at least three major targets of angiogenesis where p42/p44 MAP kinases exert a determinant action.