Do Coupled Photons Travel in Opposite Directions
Along Strings of Radius ~R?



Van Warren

Warren Design Vision

June 5, 2005





Consider not a primordial soup, but rather a symbolic soup - a sea of symbols if you will. These symbols in constant motion collide with each other to form words. Sometimes these collisions form short words, sometimes the collisions break longer words apart.


Consider a drop of milk drop that on impact after a fall “rings” in a characteristic set of eigenmodes that depend on the viscosity of the fluid, internal shearing forces and the speed of impact.


      -- courtesy


Now imagine a meme of separation, for example, the cell wall. The cell wall in biological systems is a topological separation between Order and Chaos, between regions of high organization and high entropy.



Over a sufficiently large extent of space and time Order and Chaos must exist in approximately equal

spatial and temporal distributions. The key word is approximately.


I have often wondered if the cosmos is of finite extent, that is, of finite characteristic radius ~R. The M-theory of Witten and lucid explanations of Greene talk about two characteristic dimensions of strings that inhabit up to 11 dimensions. These characteristic dimensions of strings are R, a large-scale dimension, and 1/R, a small-scale dimension. As an amateur scientist, I wonder if the universe can be viewed as a collection of paired photons and particles that share an interesting property. Photons ride on strings of size ~R and subatomic particles are composed of strings whose size is ~1/R. The distinguishing characteristic that determines string type is the mass. This idea addresses the coupled photon experiment of Giesen and the action at a distance issue of Bohr, Einstein and others.


In the experiment of Giesen, twin photons are generated from a single parent photon on an optical fiber at approximately 450 nm. Interaction with a niobate crystal produces a coupled pair at ~900 nm that are sent down different optical fibers. Annihilation of one photon causes the other not to arrive at its corresponding detector.


Visual Experiment #1


Consider a normal distribution of events which fall into two categories, those which may be interpreted as chaotic (entropy increasing), and those which may be interpreted as ordered (entropy decreasing).




Consider, as in the case of a cell membrane, that some sort of topological bifurcation is taking place, actively separating Chaos from Order. Order inside the cell is obtained at the expense of disorder outside.



After this process has run for a while, Chaos and Order find themselves separated by some real and finite distance. In the case of the cell, maintaining this distance requires a source of energy and nutrients from outside the internally ordered world. Cell death breaks this barrier.


Visual Experiment #2


Consider similar reasoning with a blank event horizon.




Now we indicate the spontaneous appearance of a traveling pulse Something and antiSomething that cancel perfectly when superimposed, and oppose in amplitude and direction. Something and antiSomething are measurable parameters of the system that have the cancellation property.



As this process runs, Order and Chaos find themselves separated by increasing real and finite distance. The wave functions here are normal distributions.




Visual Experiment #3


Consider similar reasoning as before except our horizon line is mapped onto a perfect circle.




As before we indicate the spontaneous appearance of a traveling Signal and Antisignal that cancel perfectly when superimposed, but are oppose in amplitude and direction when not. As before Signal has the property of decreasing chaos, Antisignal has the property of increasing it.



As this process runs, Order and Chaos find themselves always in existence except for two infinitesimally short moments in time when they cancel exactly. At those moments and only those moments, nothing appears to exist. At other moments the distance between them alternately increases and decreases.






From a likelihood point of view, it seems just as reasonable that order would travel counterclockwise as clockwise.



This enables, but does not require, multiple instances of counter rotating Chaos and Order to coexist on the ring at the same moment.




One can imagine that various combinations and magnitudes of chaos and order could coexist on the ring.

Evidence suggests that these combinations and magnitudes take on discrete values. I will not comment further on that here.


From experience, it seems reasonable that small signals travel over very large distances. From bifurcation it seems plausible that large signals would travel over very small distances.




Thus it seems possible to propose that light is a locally oscillating disturbance that travels along rings or strings whose radius R is the size of the universe. To local observers this propagation would look straight. This would explain the “connectedness” and “action at a distance” problems. Coupled photons are traveling along the same string of radius R in opposite directions! Destruction of one photon affects the string on which that photon and its twin are traveling.


Dark Energy/Matter and Annihilation


We have already suggested, as has considerable prior evidence, that signal, parameter, pulse, phase, and ordering, and concentrated collocation and have calculable additive inverses. What if energy, which gives rise to the bifurcations visualized above, also has a conceptual inverse? This energy would be manifest as anti-photons in the light case and as anti-particles in the mass case. To account for what is seen there would have to be lots of it, but its nature would be the opposite.



Consider a perfect collision between a positron and an electron, particles of finite mass that can be accelerated to nearly the speed of light.


When a positron and electron collide, they annihilate to form a pair of gamma ray photons whose energy is proportional to the mass converted plus the original kinetic energy. Extra energy from the kinetic energy of the particles shortens the wavelength of the resulting photons. Low speed collisions result in lower frequency, but still gamma category photons. In the rest case, each gamma ray photon carries away 517 MeV of energy - 167,000 times as much energy as an ultraviolet photon at 400 nm. Creation of the photon corresponds to a string of radius R coming into existence on which the pair rides until absorbed by an electron, or collides with a nucleus. The latter case causes the production of a positron-electron pair.